It covers a total surface area of 250 square kilometers (97 sq mi) and is a part of Africa’s Great Lakes system, although not considered one of the Great Lakes.
Lake George is located in the western part of the East Africa’s Rift Valley. The lake is a small and shallow of approximately 250 sq km and a middling depth of just 2.4 meters.
The lake is supplied by several inflows from the extensive mountain Rwenzori ranges as well as from the northeastern agricultural area. However, the major inflows are Dura plus Mpanga from northeast, in addition to Nsonge, Rumi, plus Mubuku from Rwenzori.
Its outflow is into the Kazinga Channel that drains toward the adjacent Lake Edward. The lake’s northern shore is majorly lined with a dense papyrus swamp. Its water levels keep on fluctuating but to a very minimal level.
At 914 meters in altitude all above sea level, this Lake George possesses its major catchment area within the Rwenzori ranges. Other than the agricultural areas in the north-east, there aren’t any main supplies of allochthonous material.
Lake George experiences 2 rainy seasons having the rainfall peaks within May as well as October whereas the monthly mean rainfall ranges from 3 – 194 mm. This lake is extremely productive and profitable fishery is carried out here. Fortunately this lake has somewhat been well investigated.
The major islands on this lake are: Kankuranga, Iranqara as well as Akika.
The fauna of this beautiful Lake George is majorly dominated by different herbivores, especially the fish such as the cyclopoid copepod Thermocyclops hyalinus, Tilapia nilotica as well as the Haplochromis nigripinnis.
The bordering papyrus swamps of the Ramsar wetland area are habitat to the sitatunga antelope. In addition one can see the hard to pin down Shoebill in addition to other resident birds along the lake.
Like the other lakes in the region, it was named after a member of the British royal family, in this case Prince George, later to become King George V of the United Kingdom.
Lake George drains to the southwest into Lake Edward through the Kazinga Channel.
Explorer Henry M. Stanley was the first European to see the lake in 1875, after following the course of the Katonga River from Lake Victoria during his trans-African expedition.